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The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and also many international sport tournaments.Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair and cultural centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.The cathedral, also known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have been founded in 343.The city was conquered by the Visigoths in the early 5th century, becoming for a few years the capital of all Hispania.Madrid became the centre of political power whilst the colonisation of the Americas reduced the financial importance (at least in relative terms) of Mediterranean trade.Barcelona was a centre of Catalan separatism, including the Catalan Revolt (1640–52) against Philip IV of Spain.It originated from necessities of the state, as did the Bank of Venice (1402) and the Bank of Genoa (1407).The marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile in 1469 united the two royal lines.
Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona.
The forging of a dynastic link between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile marked the beginning of Barcelona's decline.
The Bank of Barcelona (Taula de canvi), probably the oldest public bank in Europe, was established by the city magistrates in 1401.
However, this name refers only to FC Barcelona, the football club.
The common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna.After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia.